New Party resolution, learning from the past, charts the way forward

The sixth plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, which just ended, attracted considerable attention and sparked discussion at home and abroad.

As a major achievement of the session, the adoption of the resolution on the major achievements and historical experience of the Party in the past century is an objective assessment of the achievements of the Party as well as a scientific assessment of historical experience. invaluable gleaned from revolution and construction.

The real value of the resolution lies in – rather than just taking a necessary look back at the Party’s glorious achievements – learning from the past and leading the Chinese people on a new and solid march for the next 100 years.

During the CCP’s century-old journey through struggles, three resolutions from the plenary session stand out.

The first – the Resolution on Certain Issues in the History of the CPC – was issued in April 1945, during the Seventh Plenary Session of the 6th CPC Central Committee, four years before the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949.

The second of these key documents – The Resolution on Certain Issues in the History of the CPC Since the Founding of the People’s Republic of China – was issued in 1981, during the Sixth Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee, about three years ago. after the start of reform and opening up and five years after the end of the “cultural revolution” in 1976.

The third is the current resolution.

Held at critical moments in history, the first two resolutions played a central role in unifying thought within the Party and timely redressing aberrations and deviations.

The adoption and promulgation of the first resolution historically coincided with the revolutionary epoch of the CCP-led struggles against imperialist invasion, feudal repression and exploitation by the national bourgeoisie.

Although only twenty years after its birth, the Party, armed with an advanced worldview and methodology, could see resistance to foreign aggression, the eradication of repression and exploitation, the pursuit of equality and freedom, and the realization of national law the rejuvenation and prosperity of the country as permanent goals.

This enabled the Party, among the many rival political factions, to achieve victory after victory.

Of course, the Party has also paid dearly in dealing with the deviations to the right and to the left which have resurfaced from time to time during this period.

Therefore, this resolution of the plenary session of 1945, taking stock of the historical experience and the lessons of the revolution, also served as an ideological, organizational and political preparation to push back the encirclement and suppression of the reactionaries of the KMT. , and to prepare for the launch of a united government democracy.

The second resolution, adopted and published in 1981, 32 years after the founding of the People’s Republic of China.

By this point, the CCP had already undergone the socialist transformation of the state and had won the war on American aggression and aid to Korea (1950-1953), and had completed the pro forma transformation of the Party of a revolutionary party to a party in power.

As the people plunged into the wave of socialist construction, given the infiltration and sabotage by the still formidable anti-Communist forces, to a large extent, the CCP still dealt with the many problems and contradictions of this period by resorting to the method of class struggle more peculiar to a revolutionary party, and this has led to a deluge of left positions and ideologies, culminating in the ravages of the “cultural revolution”. Thus, the plenary session of 1981, by rectifying and eliminating ultra-leftist tendencies, made it possible to release ideological barriers and pave the way for reform and opening up and modern construction already initiated in 1978.

One of the most common features of these two previous plenary sessions was that the Party had made full use of the principle of criticism and self-criticism more adopted in the routine political life of the Party.

Everyone can clearly see from the resolutions of the two plenary sessions that the Party is living up to its perception of being an open, honest and truth-seeking party.

He also suggests that the Party is full of wisdom, self-reflection, with full capacity for criticism and self-criticism.

New Party resolution, learning from the past, charts the way forward

The recently adopted resolution, the third of its kind in the 100-year-old history of the Party which deserves special attention, differs considerably in the zeitgeist compared to the previous ones.

First, the Party, in the 40 years since 1981, in the light of the principle of ideological emancipation and “seeking truth from facts”, strives to combine advanced Marxist theory with Chinese practice of reform and openness, and seeks to chart its course towards a socialism with Chinese characteristics that is both practical and enjoys strong popular support.

This supposes, while continuing its constant promotion of reform and openness and modern construction, the Party’s effort in eradicating ultra-left thoughts and timely safeguarding against ultra-left tendencies. law. In this process, the country has managed to gradually become a powerful country of an increasingly well-off country. It is nothing less than a historical leap which amounts to an innovative development of Marxist theory.

Second, since the reform and opening up, the fourth generation of collective leadership has paid special attention to the following aspects: gradually raising the standard of living of the people, raising the level of spiritual and social education of the nation, and participating in global governance by adhering to multilateralism and resisting unilateralism. In fact, the Party has strived to achieve the organic fusion of these three aspects with its practice in state governance.

Since the 18th CPC National Congress, in the face of complex and unprecedented domestic and foreign contradictions, the Party has developed a new wisdom in its innovative and creative sinicization of Marxism, proposing concepts such as the Belt and the Belt initiative. Route “, a vision of a community and a shared future for humanity, ecological civilization, strategies for poverty reduction and containment of pandemics, and the principle of people first.

Unlike the two previous resolutions, the current resolution does not give prominence to the aberrations and problems of the 40 years since reform and opening-up, probably for two reasons.

First, given the Party’s strict self-governance, law-based governance and strengthened campaign to eradicate corruption, the regime of such reparation is increasingly becoming part of the routine, systemic and enduring mechanism, the wrongdoers being dealt with promptly, and the punishment due inflicted accordingly. Second, given the infiltration of anti-Communist and anti-Chinese forces at home and abroad and the disruption caused by information cocoons and post-truth reality in the Internet age, marking the centenary of the Party highlighting the Party’s success the historical experience and innovative wisdom in leading the people would help guide the people forward by building unity, confidence and fighting spirit.

Judging by how the successfully organized plenary session is viewed by people from all walks of life, the current resolution has certainly had the effect of learning from the past, unifying thoughts and focusing the strengths of the whole. of the Party, and this is exactly what we expect from the Sixth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee.

The author is the director of the Institute of Journalism of the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences. Wan Lixin translated the article.

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