Cannot compare IIT, IISc with BHU, says BHU director
NIRF 2021 University Rankings: IITs, IISERs, IISc are much smaller and better funded than BHU, DU, AMU
The design of the classification, according to the director of BHU. should have a score of additional characteristics of the same size, number of students, teachers in universities.
NEW DELHI: After its release on Thursday, Anil K Tripathi, director of the Institute of Science at the Hindu University of Banaras, criticized the parameters used to rank institutions in the National Institutional Framework Ranking, or NIRF 2021.
In the NIRF 2021 university ranking, BHU emerged the third best institution after Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore and Jawaharlal Nehru University, which won first and second place respectively. Overall, BHU was ranked tenth.
Highlighting the shortcomings of the NIRF 2021 ranking process, Tripathi claimed that technical institutes like the Indian Institute of Science and the Indian Institute of Technology cannot be compared to a large multidisciplinary university like BHU. The two institutions, according to Tripathi, have big differences in terms of students, teachers and disciplines. However, the budget allocation for institutions is almost identical.
“Indian Institute of Science, without a doubt, is the best institution in the country. BHU, however, is a different type of educational institution. The two institutions have almost the same budget but the same amount of money goes to a large number of students, teachers and infrastructure at BHU. Compared to IISc, the money available is about five to ten times less at our university due to its size, âTripathi said. Careers 360.
Also read: NIRF 2021 Ranking: IISc Bengaluru Retains Top Rank; JNU, ââBHU follow
NIRF 2021 Ranking for Academic Judges Educational Institutions based on six metrics including teaching, learning and resources, research and professional practice, scope and inclusiveness of achievement results of diploma, and perception. Tripathi believes that there should be enough parameters that take into account the varied characteristics of the university.
NIRF classification: Apples and oranges
IITs and IIScs are not even comparable to a BHU, Tripathi argued, and therefore any attempt to put them under the same framework is grossly unfair.
âIf you look at the IISc, there are 464 teachers and over 4,000 students,â he said. âAt BHU we have 2,000 teachers for 32,000 students. has 6000 students. Our teacher / student ratio is 1:15 or a little more and their ratio is 1: 9 whereas 1:10 is considered ideal. IISc is able to maintain this parameter well because the number of students is weak.
And things are not improving at BHU. âIn a room that can accommodate four people but you put 40 people there, what will happen to the productivity of the system? “Tripathi said,” This is what is happening at BHU. About 15 years ago there were 10,000 students and today we have 32,000 students. There are classes of 200 students. We cannot think of reducing the number of students to rise in the ranks. Either we increase the number of teachers, or we reduce the number of students, but it is not in our hands. Who can rectify this anomaly? He asked.
Also read: NIRF 2021 Ranking for MBA: IIM Ahmedabad, IIM Bangalore, IIM Calcutta in the Top 3; Full list here
NIRF ranks and budgets
Although BHU is much larger, IITs are much more generously funded, Tripathi continued. Both are centrally managed and funded directly by the Union government.
âThe allocation of resources to IITs from the Ministry of Education is higher and they are focused on science and technology. IITs can also charge much higher fees that universities cannot, especially public universities, because then there will be strikes, âTripathi said.
In the 2021 Union budget, the government allocated Rs 7,686 crore to IITs, or Rs 7,332 crore for 2020-2021. The “Indian Institute of Technology Grants” received an allocation of Rs 6,536.02 crore. The total expenditure for all central universities is Rs 7,643.26 crore in the 2021 Union budget.
The budget estimate for BHU is Rs 198.47 crore. “The budget estimate is applicable with a mandatory reduction of 10%”, indicates an official document.
Also read: NIRF 2021 Ranking: Best Engineering Schools Other Than IITs
The education budget includes an allocation of Rs 65.50 crore as âIISc supportâ. IISc also receives funds from a wide range of sources for research projects. A document submitted for the ATAL Ranking of Institutions for Innovation and Achievement (ARIIA) shows that he spent over Rs. 1,100 crore in incubation units and research parks etc. located on campus.
âAs far as IISER is concerned, these institutions are also privileged with a few faculty members all hired with initial grants of 1 to 2 crore; they have good infrastructure and the ministry has invested a lot of money in the development of IISER, âTripathi argued.
âThe maximum budget of BHU goes in the salary. The rest of the budget goes to the maintenance of the university, to the development of the programs, to the teaching programs. This budget is extremely meager. But this is not the case with IIT and IISc, âhe added.
NIRF search parameters
Research publications by teachers and their citation are a key factor in NIRF rankings. The emphasis is on Scopus indexed journals, the more widely a journal is indexed, the more likely it is to be available in library databases. This means that indexed articles are more likely to be found, read, and hopefully cited. However, this poses a problem for universities which publish in regional languages ââand disciplines less likely to be indexed. The burden of teaching at the undergraduate level doesn’t help either, especially in situations where there are very large numbers of students to teach and assess.
âRanking metrics are typically by faculty publication in Scopus indexed journals and by faculty citations. Technology-driven institutions, such as IITs, are focused, uniform, and non-heterogeneous. Almost all departments [in these institutions] have faculty members who contribute to good quality publications. They also contribute to the development, deployment and sale of technology as well as interaction with industry. This is why IITs are at the top of the rankings, âTripathi explained.
Also read: NIRF 2021 Ranking: IIT Madras is the best educational institution in India
Tripathi refers to the overall ranking of the NIRF where, apart from IISc Bangalore, seven IIT – IIT Madras, IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, IIT Kanpur, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Roorkee, IIT Guwahati were in the top 10. âThe reason is that their number size is small and therefore the publications per faculty and citations per faculty are high,â he said.
Tripathi further argued that BHU has several departments that do not engage in the publication process, unlike IITs. As a result, publication and citation by faculty is drastically reduced.
âAt BHU, the departments of science, medical sciences, the institute for sustainable development publish good quality articles comparable to IITs and IISERs. But when you consider BHU as a whole, we have social science, management, arts, Sanskrit Vidya Dharma Vijnan, visual and performing arts, education that does not publish in Scopus indexed journals. Therefore, more than half of faculty members do not contribute to this parameter. Who will publish the international citations of articles in Hindi? ” He asked. “They write books, but these don’t carry as much weight as peer-reviewed journals and Scopus indexed journals,” he added.
Read also: NIRF 2021 ranking: AIIMS Delhi tops NIRF medical school ranking, PGIMER is second
Height and student, teacher ratio
Another problem, teachers in disciplines like science, agriculture and medical sciences, have the responsibility to teach undergraduates as well as postgraduates.
âThe burden of undergraduate teaching is very high because of which we don’t have time to do research. While the IIAS, in the name of being counted in universities, they started to take few undergraduate level students and that too is an integrated program. IISERs have no undergraduate degrees at all. IITs have undergraduate programs, but they also have the advantage better resources and focus on science and technology. But due to the diversity of BHU, our average is going down, âTripathi explained.
The IISc offers only one undergraduate course, the Bachelor of Science (Research). The undergraduate program is available for the subjects of Biology, Chemistry, Environmental Sciences, Materials, Mathematics, and Physics.
NIRF 2021 rankings: “artificial” parameters
Tripathi further argues that the existing model neglects many aspects of educational institutions in reaching a conclusion. Calling these parameters “artificial”, Tripathi pointed out the shortcomings of the ranking system. Universities should be judged alone or with institutions of the same level, he says.
Also read: NIRF 2021 Ranking: IISc Bengaluru tops in new research category
âIt’s basically comparing apples to oranges. How you can’t test a student’s ability by taking some type of exam. Each establishment is different. Frankly, these settings are quite artificial. BHU should be compared to other multidisciplinary universities like Delhi University, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Aligarh Muslim University, âhe suggested.
The design of the ranking, according to Tripathi. should have a score for these additional characteristics of universities.
âIn addition, these universities should report the numbers. JNU, ââHyderabad Central University are one fifth of BHU in size. So if we have a large number of students, there should be an extra score for that, âhe explained.
Admitting that there should be some form of standardized method, Tripathi also suggested that proportional marks be given to institutions based on the number of disciplines.
âFor standardization, for example, you assign 100 points and divide it by the number of disciplines, and then you give some sort of weighting to that. BHU has 140 disciplines, IITs will only have 20 disciplines, IISc has even fewer disciplines. Thanks to this method, several disciplines will have the advantage. Likewise, for the number of students that a university accepts, should be another parameter. IITs include the humanities to some extent, but their focus will always remain on technology. It should stay that way because they are meant for that. IITs should not become multidisciplinary institutions, âhe said.
Write to us at [email protected]